The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago comprises of two islands at the southern-most end of the Caribbean archipelago. Trinidad – the larger of the two islands – has an area of 4,828 sq km (1,864 sq mls) and is situated 10 km (7 miles) from the east coast of Venezuela. The capital city and main centre of government, Port of Spain is a hub of business activity and a major financial centre. San Fernando is the second largest city in the country, and is considered the industrial capital.
Tobago is 32 km (20 miles) off the north-east coast of Trinidad and has an area of 300 sq km (116 sq mls). Its' principal administrative centre is Scarborough, and is situated in the southern region of the island.
The two islands are a study in contrast, Trinidad is rich in natural resources, predominantly oil and gas, and is known for its cosmopolitan lifestyle and many festivities. The richness of its' flora and fauna reflects its past linkage to the South American mainland. The more serene Tobago is the centre of the country's tourism industry, with its coral reefs, sugary-white sand beaches, natural beauty and a charisma all of its own.
Trinidad and Tobago comprises of a population of 1.3 million persons. Citizens are officially referred to as Trinidadians or Tobagonians or Citizens of Trinidad and Tobago. English is the predominant language in this ethnically integrated society, however, French, Spanish, Hindi and Chinese are also spoken. The islands quality of human capital is also evident by the large number qualified professionals.
This twin island state is a blend of many ethnic communities, religions, folklore and traditions, originating from Africa, India, Europe, and the Far East. Diversity naturally follows within this collage of cultures. The majority people practice the Roman Catholic religion however; Hinduism, Christianity and Islam are also practiced.
An assortment of cultures ranging from their food, music, dance and traditions also enrich the national life of this cosmopolitan melting pot of people. These celebrations certainly prove the creativity of the people is an inexhaustible resource.
Trinidad and Tobago climate can best be portrayed as a pleasant tropical paradise/marine. The islands are the southernmost in the West Indies, located just south of the hurricane belt. Moderated by the north-east prevailing trade winds, temperatures vary between 23 degrees Celsius (73 degrees Fahrenheit) and 32 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit) between the sister islands.
There are two seasons, which are distinguishable by rainfall – 'dry' season which lasts from January to May and 'rainy' season which extends from June to December. August is considered the peak of the rainy season, while May and October are usually the hottest months of the year. The annual rainfall is approximately 2,000mm.